OSHA requirements apply to preventing occupational exposure to COVID-19. Among the most relevant OSHA standards are:
- Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) standards (in general industry, 29 CFR 1910 Subpart I), which require using gloves, eye and face protection, and respiratory protection when job hazards warrant it.
- The General Duty Clause, Section 5(a)(1) of the OSH Act of 1970, requires employers to furnish to each worker "employment and a place of employment, which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm."
OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogens standard (29 CFR 1910.1030) applies to occupational exposure to human blood and other potentially infectious materials that typically do not include respiratory secretions that may contain COVID-19 (unless visible blood is present). Provisions of this standard offer a framework that may help control some sources of the virus, including exposures to bodily fluids (e.g. respiratory secretions) not covered by the standard.
OSHA's COVID-19 Page includes resources for all employers.
OSHA's Program Standards Page provides more info on standard compliance with regard to COVID-19.